The cover of the first volume of the Fullmetal Alchemist Manga.
The Fullmetal Alchemist Manga was the original version of Fullmetal Alchemist released on July 12th, 2001 and lasting until June 2010 in Japan when it ended with 108 chapters. An English version of it was released in America on May 3rd, 2005, and it ran until it's final volume was published on December 20th, 2011.
The anime adaption was released in 2003 in Japan and 2004 in the US, however about halfway through it branched off and became much different than the actual manga. To fix this, a new version of the anime was released which was based solely off of the manga. It was released in 2010 in the US.